Nueva Ecija is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. Its capital is Palayan City. Nueva Ecija borders, from the south clockwise, Bulacan, Pampanga, Tarlac, Pangasinan, Nueva Vizcaya, and Aurora.
The province is divided into four congressional districts which consists of 27 municipalities and 5 cities namely: Cabanatuan City, Gapan City, Palayan City, San Jose City, Science City of MuÃ±oz, Aliaga, Bongabon, Cabiao, Carranglan, Cuyapo, Gabaldon (Bitulok & Sabani), General Mamerto Natividad, General Tinio, Guimba, JaÃ©n, Laur, Licab, Llanera, Lupao, Nampicuan, Pantabangan, PeÃ±aranda, Quezon, Rizal, San Antonio, San Isidro, San Leonardo, Santa Rosa, Santo Domingo, Talavera, Talugtug, Zaragoza.
Language / Dialect
About 77% of the people speak Tagalog as their first language. Much of the remainder are Kapampangan, Pangasinan, and Ilocano-speakers and they are concentrated in the cities and towns of the south and north,. There are small communities of Ilongots along the Caraballo and Sierra Madre Range as well as Agtas or Negritos.
Nueva Ecija is one of the top producers of agricultural products in the country. Its principal crops is mainly rice but corn and onion are also produced in quantity. The province is often referred to as the “Rice Granary of the Philippines.” Other major crops are onion, mango, calamansi (calamondin orange), banana, garlic, and vegetables. The town of Bongabon at the eastern part of the province at the foot of the Sierra Madre mountains and its neighbouring Laur and Rizal are the major producers of onion and garlic. Bongabon is called the “onion capital of the country”.